How To Use A Sewing Machine – A Step-By-Step Guide

There are many who start sewing as a hobby and eventually, taking it up as a profession and make a name and brand for themselves. There is a huge demand for designer’s clothing and creative designs on different types of fabrics.

However, it all has to begin with a sewing machine to learn the basic and advanced methods of sewing and stitching and eventually, getting into embroidery and creative designs. Here is the step-by-step guide on how to use a sewing machine in the easiest way possible.

Step 1 – Learn About The Parts Of A Sewing Machine 

A sewing machine has many different parts. Without knowing the functionality of each part, you will not be able to run the appliance. All these parts correlate with each other for the functioning of a sewing machine. 

Needle: The needle is an important component of a sewing machine. Even though it is small, it helps to attach fabric by puncturing it with the thread. The needle is attached to the needle bar that makes the sewing machine move up and down. You will also find a needle plate where you can spread the fabric.

Bobbin: A bobbin supplies the thread that leads to stitches. It comes in a shuttle so that you can have easy bobbin winding. The shuttle keeps the bobbin rolling by supplying the thread.

Stitch Select Dial: A sewing machine comes with built-in stitches. In a mechanical sewing machine, you will find a dial that enables you to change the stitches. In some cases, there is a rotary dial for controlling the stitching speed. 

Presser Foot: With a presser foot, there will be clean stitches. It works by holding the fabric tight.

Stitch Controller: With a stitch length controller, you can set the stitch length. Most sewing machines also come with a reverse stitch lever that lets you have reverse stitching.

Thread Feed: A thread feed helps in the smooth passing of the thread. Additionally, you will also find thread tension settings.

You can also refer to the manual of the sewing machine to know about its different parts.

Step 2: Setting Up A Sewing Machine Perfectly

Keep the machine in a perfect position on a sturdy desk for it to function properly and accurately. 

Installing The Needle 

Begin by installing the needle. The selection of needle depends on the fabric type as well as the type of stitching you want to do. Always make sure that you do it carefully. Now you can insert the bobbin by placing the bobbin spool on the top. 

The Threading Part

The threading part is very important while using a sewing machine. You will have to attach the thread to the needle and pull it through the thread guide. It usually follows a general pattern and is threaded from the left. Do it by getting both the threads out, one from the needle and one from the bobbin.

Turing the Power Switch

We begin to use the sewing machine by turning on the power switch. However, always be sure that you have done all the necessary settings before you turn on the power.

Step 3: Start Sewing 

It is advised that you read the manuals carefully before you begin to sew. You can begin with a straight stitch as well as a medium-length stitch. Another thing that you need to keep in mind is that you must try on a piece of scrap fabric. 

Using the Presser Foot

The next step will be to use the presser foot. Keep in mind that you will have to line the fabric under the needle first. This helps to prevent any kind of mess. To use the presser foot, you will have to lower it onto the fabric. You can do it by using the lever to raise or lower it. Do it by using the feed dog as well by adjusting the stitch length and speed. Use both hands to control the fabric.

Using the Foot Pedal

The foot pedal allows you to control the speed. If you push it hard, you can go fast. Always begin by pushing it slower. In some cases, you will find a balance wheel. In doing so, you will be able to steer the fabric appropriately. Now you can look for a reverse lever so that the fabric can travel while using the machine.

Moving the Needle and Cutting the Thread

To move the needle, you will have to use the handwheel. Make sure that you can pull out the fabric with ease. You can do it by checking the needle position. The next step will be to cut the thread. Use a scissor to cut the thread. Always leave a tail for sewing the next seam.

Preparing to Sew the Seam

For sewing the seam, you will have to pin two fabric pieces. You can do it by placing the pins 90 degrees to the line. Try to sew on the straight pins without any damage. Keep a note of the direction of the pins. Now you can move the handwheel for sewing. Following this, you can move to another part of the fabric. 

Sewing the corners can be a bit complicated. For this, you will have to lower the needle to the fabric. Raise the presser foot and lower the needle. Follow by rotating the fabric in a new position. You can resume sewing by lowering the presser foot in a new position.


Therefore, your first step is to know about every part of a sewing machine and how to operate them. Thereafter, you should set up the sewing machine depending on the work you want to do. Then you can start your operation and do not be disheartened if the initial few attempts do not turn out to be expected. You should practice regularly and improve on your skill and operation to be a pro.

Leave a Comment